Honda FireBlade Buyer's Guide — "Total Control"

Honda FireBlade Buyer's Guide — "Total Control"

The original 1992 Honda FireBlade CBR900RR.
"The concept of the first FireBlade is what still survives today: fun to ride, easy to control, and this is what I am most proud of. We had a sticker on the original bike — Total Control — and that was always the idea." - Tadao Baba, 2008

This is a guide that was hard to write because it's about so much more than me and how much I like the FireBlade, a machine I've had a crush on since I first heard its name, in the late nineties (I was late to the party).

It's hard because this machine redefined large sports motorcycles. It's hard because of the personalities behind it, who were so much bigger than mine. And it's hard because of the legacy it has left, in creating a motorcycle-building culture that thinks that we can always go faster, lighter, and easier to ride.

It's hard, but here goes.

In this guide...

  • The background on the "Total Control" ethos of the FireBlade
  • About the name Honda "FireBlade"
  • Tadao Baba's role in architecting the original FireBlade, plus "Baba-san"'s career history
  • Evolutions in the CBR900RR designed by Baba-san, including CBR929RR and CBR954RR
  • An introduction to the CBR1000RR Fireblade (full guide coming soon)

For most of the 1990s, the Honda CBR900RR FireBlade was the motorcycle to beat.

Even today, riding an old 'Blade is an invigorating, raw experience. They have ample power, precise handling, and are more comfortable than most modern race-replica motorcycles, especially the 600 class.

If you get the chance to ride a 90's FireBlade, apart from riding a piece of history, you'll see that old motorcycles have stood the test of time — provided you're riding one that's well maintained.

The same spirit is carried to the modern Fireblade (note the change of capitalisation of 'b' — more on this below!). They're powerful, yet accessible, embodying the spirit of "Total Control". The ergonomics are sporty, but not as extreme as some competitors like the Yamaha R1. Unlike a 600cc sportbike, they don't need to be pushed into the high end of the RPM range to feel the power... but if you do, you'll be rewarded with more.

I've written a few motorcycle guides based on motorcycles I've owned and loved. If you like the FireBlade, you might also want to read my guide on the Yamaha R1.

Want to get notified of other extremely detailed used motorcycle guides? "Never spam; always overhead cam", that's my motto.


How did the Honda FireBlade get its name?

I've read many accounts of how "FireBlade" is a poor mistranslation of the Japanese word for "lightning". Some variants of the story say it was a mistranslation via French.

However, I can't find any evidence for this. I don't know Japanese, but I do know kanji (as I know Chinese and hanzi) and French, and I can definitely tell you: no variant of the characters for "fire" and "blade" become "lightning", or vice versa. If I'm wrong on this I'd love to know, but as a committed language (and motorcycle) nerd, I doubt it.

Considering Honda's other names: Firestorm, SuperHawk, Gold Wing, Transalp (those are the official ways they're written)... I think it's safe to say that Honda probably just decided to name it FireBlade.

The last motorcycle to be named a FireBlade with a capital "B" was in 2002, the CBR954RR. After Tadao Baba left Honda, every subsequent model was a CBR1000RR Fireblade.

The change in capitalisation was a small token of appreciation for an influential designer who continues to fight today. He still thinks the most "fun" FireBlade of all time was the last one he made.

Brief history of Tadao Baba and the original FireBlade

Tadao Baba, designer of the original FireBlade, who retired from Honda in 2004 after 42 years of services.

The original Honda CBR900RR FireBlade was designed by Tadao Baba (affectionately known as Baba-san) who wanted to create "a fun to ride, easy to control machine."

“We had a sticker on the original bike—Total Control—and that was always  the idea. That character, which still  lives on today, makes me very happy. The key  to a good bike is that it must be fun to ride, that’s why the Blade is  successful.” - 2009 interview with Tadao Baba

This is still the concept behind the current Fireblade.

Baba-san's mission was to build a motorcycle that was not just fast, but also comfortable. In fact, there was one specific comfort goal: it had to be able to beat the RVf750 in the Suzuka 8 hours Endurance Road Race.

Baba-san's story is interesting and deserves a mention.

Tadao Baba originally joined Honda in 1962 at the age of 18, right out of high school, with no technical qualifications. He started on the factory floor, making crankcases and cylinder heads for the CB72 and CB77. Three years later, he moved to the R&D section to become a test rider. In 1970, he won the Japanese 125 championship, and Honda's founder and owner Sachiro Honda noticed him.

Baba-san picked up engineering skills without ever getting a degree. In 1972, he was promoted to Vice Project Leader, and moved to manufacturing. His role was to improve the handling, stability and carburettor settings on development models.

In 1987, when Yoichi Oguma took over Honda Racing Corporation, Baba-san was asked to return to the R&D department to lead Honda's new sport motorcycle project.

“Gentlemen, today you are going to ride a bike that will change the face of supersports.” — Baba-san at the CBR900RR's launch

This was Baba-san's first solo project. "Of course I was nervous," he said. "It was my first project, but I was also confident too. I told people at the time this new bike would change the thinking for sportbike design, that it would be fun both in corners and a straight line.” Big words! I suppose he can say this now though, with history vindicating him.

At the time he started the project in the late 80s, Honda's range was already kind of full. There was the 600 sportbike range, there was a VFR with a 750cc engine, and a CBR1000F with 1000cc capacity. So to try something different, Baba proposed to take a motorcycle with the dimensions of a 750, and increase bore and stroke to near 900cc. To make things harder, Baba set a goal to get the weight under the 600cc motorcycles of the time! This definitely kept the engineers on their toes, as they were constantly under pressure to shave weight off the CBR, targeting 190kg (419lbs) without fluids.

“I think it is fair to say I was very stubborn when it came to the FireBlade’s weight. Sometimes you have to show someone your leadership through being calm, but I did also get angry...” - Tadao Baba

There was good reason for targeting the low weight — it wasn't totally arbitrary. At the time, in the late 80s, there were several 1000cc-class motorcycles, including the Yamaha FZR1000, the Suzuki GSX-R1100 and Honda's own CBR1000F. These motorcycles made over 90kW of power, but also weighed north of 220kg — dry (without oil, petrol and other fluids).

The commonly accepted knowledge was that litre-class bikes were fast but not as nimble; 600cc motorcycles were nimble but not as fast. Baba-san didn't think this should be the case.

"'How can these be called sports bikes when they are so very big and heavy?' They didn't deserve the name." - Tadao Baba

Baba-san's engineering team got to their target weight (beating it by 5kg for a final dry weight of 185kg) by using computer-aided-design (CAD) and mass-centralisation techniques for the first time in a road motorcycle. This how everyone designs motorcycles now (omg, computers??), but the FireBlade was the first to be designed this way.

Baba-san and his team finished the prototype in 1989, two years after launching the project. Baba-san was so confident that the test riders would love the motorcycle that he announced it by saying: “Gentlemen, today you are going to ride a bike that will change the face of supersports.”

The first FireBlade launched in 1992 and was a stunning 41kg (90 lbs) lighter than the nearest competitor. It wasn't until 1998 that the competition caught up with the Yamaha R1.

The next two iterations of the FireBlade were attempts at catching up with the competition. First came the 929CC 'Blade, a direct response to the Yamaha R1. Honda didn't rise to meet the R1's displacement immediately, hoping to press on with their message of balanced reliability.

Then there was the 954cc FireBlade, which was Baba's finest work, and what he retired on.

In 2004 Tadao Baba retired, handing the reigns of the FireBlade project to Kyoichi Yoshii, who brought us the first CBR1000RR Fireblade, with a lowercase "b".

There's a lot I want to take away from Tadao Baba's career, as notes for my own (and for others).

  • There's value in starting in an industry you love at the ground level. Even if you have no experience. Passion and hard work takes you a long way, as long as you're bright.
  • Take a strong position. Tadao Baba didn't come up with something revolutionary. He just said "it should be lighter!" And like many visionary leaders, he pushed people until they delivered it. It sounds like he was a cantankerous type to work for, but it made for leadership that changed the face of the industry.

I think that's enough. I'd love to impact an industry the way he did.

What to check for on a used Honda FireBlade

There are a whole host of checks you have to make on any old motorcycle. I've made a comprehensive checklist here, to avoid repeating myself in guides. This is the exact same checklist I've used many times!

On Honda FireBlades, you need to be aware of a few specific things:

  1. Check those front forks aren't weeping. People wheelie the #*($ out of them. You're probably going to do the same. Pay extra close attention to those front forks!
  2. Make sure the fairings fit flush. If they don't, then it's a cheap bodywork kit. I wouldn't accept anything but original bodywork, or replaced genuine Honda bodywork.
  3. Make sure the charging system works. I mentioned that in the comprehensive review, but it bears repeating for the FireBlade.
  4. Listen to that cam chain tensioner. If it's noisy, you're going to have to replace it.
Cam chain tensioner sound at 2-4,000 rpm on a Honda FireBlade. Sounds like a hedge trimmer, or as we Australians call them, a "whipper snipper".

Generation 1 CBR900RR-N/P FireBlade - "The original round eye" (1992-1993)

The original 1992 CBR900RR with individual round-eye lights.
"For the image, the first Blade is the best one. It has the best memories for me." — Tadao Baba, designer of the original Honda FireBlade

This is the original CBR900RR that started it all. Here are the most important specs:

  • Super light 185kg dry weight (206kg wet, fully fuelled). Featherweight for the time and actually quite light by modern standards (things like ABS and emissions-conforming exhausts are heavy). For example, a 2019 BMW S1000RR weighs a similar 183kg (although it would stomp all over the old 'Blade in absolutely every other dimension).
  • Power: 91kW (122bhp) @ 10,500rpm
  • Torque: 88 Nm (65ftlb) @ 8,500rpm
  • 16 inch front wheel: A change from most sports motorcycles, and a choice to save weight. Gave it twitchy steering, and was upgraded to a 17 inch on later bikes.
  • Speed holes

Baba-san had some pretty crazy ideas to promote his vision of light weight and easy turning.

The first one was a 16-inch front wheel. In his words:

"The CBR750RR had 17-inch front wheel, but with the 900 we saw we could  have same height with 16-inch wheel and tyre and have better handling,  quick turning but lighter weight. Always we want lighter weight!" - Tadao Baba

The second one was the holes in the fairings. These also disappeared by 1996. They were apparently to allow air to pass through to allow the motorcycle to turn more easily. A dubious claim, but whatever.

"These are speed holes. They make the car go faster."

The original CBR900RR is a raw, visceral experience compared to modern supersports motorcycles.

It offers a fully analogue experience that most modern motorcycles won't give you. Probably except for the few still being built without any electronics.

Riding an original CBR900RR (if you should be so lucky) is still a lot of fun. It doesn't have the meaty mid-range of a modern 1000cc, or the rush of top end power (it won't rev anywhere near as high, redlining at a gentle 11,000 rpm), but there's still good, strong torque everywhere, steadily increasing past 8 and 9,000 rpm. The throttle isn't as smooth as a new motorcycle, but if well lubricated, the cable works fine.

It has a large fuel tank that is easy to grip on, but makes it feel meaty compared to modern supersports. Nonetheless, it's the kind of size that disappears quickly as you pick up speed, and it's still very easy to tip into corners. Later incarnations reduced the tank size.

Finally, that analogue riding experience — something hard to find these days. One look at the cockpit is enough to tell you that this is like riding an ancient fighter plane. Nothing between you and the road but a bunch of cables and pistons.

Cockpit of the 1992 Honda CBR900RR FireBlade. Pure control.

Probably the most striking thing about the old FireBlade is how quickly the party is over. By 11,000 RPM, you've hit the redline and have to shift. Torque has already started dipping by then anyway, and you'll want to shift by 10K.

There were a couple of upgrades to the CBR900RR during its tenure before it became a totally revised motorcycle, the CBR929RR.

It's very hard to find an original CBR900RR. They're definitely "collectors", the kind that people take to shows and won't ride much for fun. You would have to expect to fly across the country to get one, whatever country you're in, and pay a premium price for one that has been well maintained or perfectly restored.

Generation 1.2: CBR900RR-R/S (1994-1995): Lighter, no more round-eyes, better suspension

First revision of the CBR900RR in 1994. What'd you do to the lights?? These were the tiger eyes, named for the accents coming off the lights.

Major changes in the R/S models over the original:

  • Same overall weight at 185kgs, but with weight further down. The upper was changed from steel to aluminium, and the cylinder head cover from aluminium to magnesium.
  • Adjustable front forks (still not inverted)
  • Revised look — "tiger eyes", with improved lighting.
  • Modified fuelling to increase efficiency

Honda also modified the fuelling to increase efficiency, lighten the motorcycle, and improve the lighting.

If you're thinking of buying a 1994 or 1995 Honda FireBlade, just know that there were these slight improvements, but nothing significant enough to make it specifically desirable. On the other hand, it's less "original" than the classic launch model, so as a collector it will eventually have less value.

My personal recommendation would be that if you want a 90s model, get the 1996 one — coming up next!

Generation 1.3 CBR900RR T/V:  The 918cc Engine (1996-1997)

Even though this model got a bigger engine capacity, it was considered part of the same generation of FireBlade.

In 1996, Honda lightened the frame even further, while making it more rigid. They also changed the fuel tank shape and thus the riding position.

Major spec changes:

  • 918cc motor displacement, up from 893cc, from boring out the existing motor by 1mm
  • Increased power by 5kW (8 hp) at the crank to 97kw (130hp), at 10,500 rpm
  • Incerased torque of 5Nm (3 ft-lbs) to 92Nm (68 ft-lbs) @ 10,000 rpm
  • Lower weight: 182kgs (3kgs less) dry
  • No more speed holes
  • Increased torque

The 918cc motor makes this generation of CBR900RR the first one that feels... fast. I mean, they're all fast. And they got a LOT faster in alter years. But before the 918, the CBR900RR felt more "balanced", like the power delivery was intentionally muted. Maybe I've gotten used to 120hp+ motorcycles (where 100hp feels barely adequate... how lucky we are!)

This is now a motorcycle you really enjoy taking to its redline and shifting then. Just be warned... 97 kw is a LOT of power, and there aren't many roads where you can even take it to the redline in first gear. Let alone second or third! It's something I saved for very, very quiet roads... and admittedly not very curvy ones because I didn't want to ding up a classic motorcycle for which it's getting hard to get fairings.

Even though it got a little lighter, this edition of the CBR900RR felt big and comfortable. Positively roomy next to the Yamaha R1 that came out in 1998.

Generation 1.4 CBR900RR (1998-1999)

The last generation CBR900RR was released at the same time as the Yamaha R1, and so it was relatively ignored by the media. 900ccs was old news! The R1 had created a new standard of liter class motorcycles which even today, in 2019, is still the standard for fast sports motorcycles.

Power and torque were about the same (some sources place it at 1 or two units more, but it's nothing noticeable).

The really big change came in 2000, with the CBR929RR.

The second generation CBR929RR (2000-2001)

This 2000 FireBlade 929RR was listed on Craigslist for $3,300. It had 10K miles, a trick exhaust and had "never been dropped".

Honda and Tadao Baba released the CBR929RR as a direct response to the Yamaha R1.

There were lots of improvements over the outgoing CBR900RR:

  • Fuel Injection: Honda called this PGM-FI. No more choke for cold startups; just hit the start button. You can ride these off immediately, unlike any motorcycle that needs a choke.
  • Slightly more aggressive riding position: Slightly more aggressive than the older CBR. Bars are narrower and lower, and the pegs are just a bit further back. The tank is much narrower, and easier to grip on, and thus the shape of the motorcycle is less bulbous.
  • Lower weight: 434 pounds (196kg) fully fueled, 14 pounds lighter than the R1. This is a light motorcycle; much lighter than modern ones which are weighed down by having to meet emissions standards.
  • A 17-inch front wheel: Finally! Better handling.
  • Inverted forks: Originally discounted by Baba-san for being too heavy

What's the CBR929RR like to ride?

There's a few ways to slice this up; let's take it one by one.

In city traffic: The CBR929RR is easy enough to ride in traffic. It has a lot more low down torque than a more modern CBR600RR, depending on the speeds you can actually pootle about in 2nd or 3rd gear. The clip-ons are low, but not too low; and the feet are not too high up. Because brakes are feather-light and clutch is light enough too (just not light by modern standards), it's not exhausting to ride. The trick is to keep your shoulders retracted and your back straight, and it's comfortable enough.

On the highways/freeways: This is where a lot of commuters spend their time. Even though the position of the CBR929RR is more aggressive, it has enough legroom to be comfortable, and short enough reach to the bars. Wind protection is the same as the earlier model, even though the fairing is more slanted. There's mild vibration at fast (120km/h) highway speeds which will blur the mirrors, but you can counter this by speeding up more and thus not assuming nobody is catching up (don't do this). Riding the CBR is tiring after a couple of hours but not agonizing like it is on the R1!

In the twisties: This is where the CBR929RR comes alive. It's so light, being lighter than most 600s, and has such meaty midrange, that it's like flicking a total beast through every corner. You feel you can do no wrong. Every turn is easy to execute, it's one of those machines that just goes where you want it. The power band is totally flat — Honda nailed fuel injection on the first try. It doesn't quick pack the massive midrange of the R1, but it's got plenty of power.

If you keep your commute under an hour, and have at least half of it back roads, the CBR929RR is perfect for you. Any more freeway time and I'd consider a VFR; any more traffic time and I'd consider a CBR600F4i, or even a new CBR650R.

The third generation CBR954RR (2002-3): "The Wheelie Machine"

The
"It was the last CBR I designed, and as a total package this was the best Blade I ever made. Lovely handling, engine and power delivery, it’s my favourite bike to ride."

The CBR954RR, or the CBR900RR as it was known in some markets (but otherwise the same), was a huge step forward for the CBR range.

Here's what changed:

  • More power: 113kW/154hp @ 11,250rpm (the rev limiter was at 12,150)
  • More torque: 101Nm/75ft-lbs @ 9,000 RPM. (It has a fairly flat torque curve all the way from 3,000 rpm)
  • Lighter: 192kg (424 lbs) fully fuelled. For comparison, the dry weight was 168kg (370lbs); lighter than Honda's own CBR600F4i of the time

The new CBR was an improvement on all fronts.

It still wasn't as powerful as the R1 or the GSX-R1000. Baba-san insisted that displacement wasn't everything, and wanted a bike that was light more than anything else.

The CBR954RR in Silver and Black

Still, the CBR got a displacement bump through, again, a re-bore of the cylinders. The head is now getting a bit thin... with only 1.5 mm of metal between each cylinder!

But aside from that, Baba-san's engineering team re-worked the chassis, the engine block, the swing-arm's design, brakes... everything. Everything to make the FireBlade even more of what it already was: light, precise, and powerful enough. (As if 154hp was just "enough"...)

The CBR954RR is also comfortable. At the time, the GSX-R1000 was known as being the "comfortable" option in liter-class superbikes.

Riding position of the Honda CBR954RR. Comfortable knee angle, non-extreme forward lean.

What's the CBR954RR like to ride?

  • As a daily driver in traffic: The CBR954RR is surprisingly practical. It's easy to start, and is comfortable enough to commute on without crippling your wrists. It's still an "all-day sports motorcycle", as the original CBR was intended. It has a lot of storage space! It's big enough to store a lock and chain, and even to cram in some wet weather gear if you need. This is highly unusual on sports motorcycles. The CBR954RR is even more comfortable than the CBR929RR because it has a shorter tank, so you're leaned over a bit less to reach the bars.
  • On the highway: You could ride the CBR954RR for a whole day if you had to, as long as you kept speeds up over 100 km/h so the wind keeps you up. It would be a shame to keep this to highways, but it could be done.
  • In the twisties: Again, just like with any CBR, this is where the CBR954RR belongs.

Tips for riding the CBR954RR

  • Keep 36 in the back and 34 psi in the front. Never mind the official recommended pressure figures, which are much higher.
  • A steering damper helps take some of the extreme edge off the steering

The CBR1000RR: 2004 and beyond

In 2004, Baba-san retired from Honda, after decades of service.

After his departure, the Honda FireBlade line was renamed to Fireblade (change of capitalisation), and the first model released after his departure was the CBR1000RR.

Because the motorcycle changed so significantly after 2004, it deserves a totally different guide.

But here is a quick overview of how those changes happened.

  • Seventh-eigth generation (2004-2005): A redesign, but with almost totally new parts. An all-new 998cc had new bore and stroke, and made a claimed 128 kW (172 hp), though this was disputed (it produced a much lower 102 kW/136 hp at the rear wheel).
  • Eighth generation (2006-2007): Higher power from a retuned engine, plus less weight.
  • Ninth-twelvth generation (2008-2016): The 2008 model got another all-new motor, this time 999cc, with a redline of 13,000 rpm. This engine made 115 kW (154hp) at 12,000 rpm. ABS became an option in 2009, and, but no more electronics were added.
A 2013 Honda CBR1000RR Fireblade Repsol edition, lightly customised.

Current edition: 25th anniversary (2017+): Retuned engine with 141 kW (189hp) and an all new ride-by-wire electronics package, with traction control + wheelie control. In 2019, the systems were separated so you can wheelie without worrying about losing traction.

It's amazing to think we're now 25 years past the introduction of a motorcycle that defined the open class. But here we are, and the latest CBR1000RR doesn't pull any punches!

A 2019 CBR1000RR

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